Choosing a future field of study is an important decision that can change your life. Our article will be useful in choosing a future profession mostly for high school students and their parents. On the example of the US labor market, we want to show you which majors are we not recommend you to go with.
Among the 126 majors that PayScale was analyzing, we offer you the Top 10. These ones eater will disappear after 8-10 years, or it will be difficult to find work in the next 5 years.
Also, majors included in the list are low-paying at the beginning of your career, as well as the average wage in 10-15 years.
We offer your Top 10 unpopular majors by the version of the portal KudaPostupat:
10. Religious studies
The level of unemployment among recent college graduates is almost 11%, the average salary — within $30 thousand, among experienced specialists — 6.8% and $48 thousand, respectively. The same time the average for all specialties is almost $75 thousand per year. But it was not surprising to us that graduates of religious scholars have a low salary, but the fact that only half of them believe that their work changes the world for the better. Honestly, even the famous geology has a higher level.
If you still dream of working all your life in this field of science, we suggest you choose a philosophy. This major gives you the opportunity to study religious studies, and at the same time, this specialization is currently in demand in comparison with religious studies.
Unlike 9,000 vacancies in religious studies, almost 2.1 million job advertisements were posted online in the philosophy. In addition, for a year in the field of philosophy you can earn almost $45 thousand at the beginning of your career, and in the middle of a career, more than $85 thousand. Besides, the ability of critical thinking and write succinctly is extremely appreciated by employers.
9. Exercise Science
Of course, being engaged in physical activities, fitness, yoga is very useful for your health. But perhaps not the best idea — to do a career in this field. These specialists are not very much appreciated in the labor market and have an average salary of $30 thousand with an unemployment rate of 8.3%, experienced specialist of $50 thousand and 4.5% respectively.
In addition, annually online is published within just 1,500 ads that employers are looking for a specialist in this industry. If you are still planning to associate your profession with sports, try to choose fitness. With the increase in life expectancy, which is a characteristic feature of developed countries, and the bias towards wellness, the need for such as the physiotherapist, occupational therapist, trainer, the dietitian is increasing.
If you did not become the only winner of the singing contest, then after graduating from college you can count on $30 thousand per year. The unemployment rate among this category of specialists is 9.2%; among the experienced musicians 4.5% with an average salary of $45 thousand. In addition, about 12% of musical education graduates do not become musicians, singers or employees of related professions. On average, only 2.7 thousand vacancies are published annually. Because of this, a quarter of the graduates of the colleges in this specialty are looking for part-time work on the side. Alternatively, create an account in popular social networks and search for fans online. You never know who will hear your music or songs and you will become a star.
7. History of art
Despite the good name and noble goals of this specialty, building a career in this direction is difficult enough. The level of unemployment among this category of specialists is 4 percent, and 20 percent are not looking for work in this direction in general. In addition, quite often there is a need to retrain. Annually online no more than 2800 vacancies are published. If you are lucky enough to get a job in this field, you will receive an average of $40,000 per year at the beginning of your career, and $65,000 in career prosperity. Of course, it’s a completely different situation if you get a job as an expert of Sotheby’s or Christie.
There is always a need for paralegal, so there are always many who want to study in this area. In addition, about 63 thousand vacancies are published annually. The problem is a high competition, and, moreover, the automation of this industry. We have already published the article about the automation of some specialties, and the paralegal is subject to automation in the coming years. The average salary of a college graduate within $35,000, in the middle of a career — $56,000. We draw your attention to the fact that continuing education and obtaining a law degree may not change the situation for the better. According to forecasts, demand for legal services by 2026 will increase by only 5.8%.
5. Graphic design
At first glance, a very popular specialty that would have been in demand in the labor market. But graduates with major in the graphic design have 11% of unemployment at an average salary of $32,000. Among the experienced workers, the unemployment rate is 7.5%, the average wage is $49,000.
Only 65% of college graduates with this major work full-time and 15.3% are no longer looking for work in this direction, according to the Hamilton Project. Every year more than 30 thousand vacancies are published. The demand for designers of mobile dives, websites is growing. That is if you can’t imagine your life without is a design, direct your efforts to study web design and other similar areas.
American students for some reasons like this major, while employers do not. The unemployment rate among the recent graduates of the college of anthropologists and archaeologists is 10.5%, the average salary is $28,000. The unemployment rate among experienced workers is 6.2%, with an average salary of $47,000.
Annually online is published within 700 vacancies, while 12,000 specialists of different degrees (bachelors, masters, etc.) graduated from the universities. We do not recommend continuing education for the doctoral degree — if there are currently 8, 3 thousand anthropologists and archaeologists in the US, then by the year 2026 only for 600 jobs increasing are expected.
3. Radio and TV
It is not surprising, but this specialty is not too popular among employers. If you find work at the beginning of a career, you can count on salary in the amount of $ 38-39 thousand, you can get as much as $ 64-65 thousand per year if you successfully move on a career ladder.
In 2016, 7300 graduates received a bachelor’s degree in radio and television. And in the same year, 7,355 vacancies were published. It would seem that the ideal picture for all graduates, and still dozens of jobs remained vacant. In fact, not so. If you have a bachelor’s degree in radio and television, anyway most likely a lawyer, a political scientist be hired, but not you for the position of the anchor of the political program. In addition, the projected decline by 10% of vacancies in the industry by 2026.
You will be surprised, but artists, sculptors, illustrators are not in the best condition.
The unemployment rate of recent graduates of the art industry is within 13% with an average salary of $30,000. The average unemployment rate for experienced artists is 7.3% and wages are $45,000 respectively.
Demand for their work depends largely on the incomes and tastes of buyers. When people live from check to check, a few are thinking of buying a picture of an artist. According to research from the Hamilton Project, around 20% of artists have changed their field of activity. They mostly re-qualified for designers.
For example, those who went into the fashion industry, and on average earn more than $60 thousand a year, face high competition in this direction, and with a small increase in the number of jobs- 5.6%. Commercial and industrial designers (where artists have found the application of their talents) create models of cars, toys, household appliances, etc. In this case, they have better prospects: an increase in employment by 6.3% and an average salary per year of $63,000. However, in order to work in this direction, it is necessary to take courses in architecture and engineering.
Despite the fact that it is projected to increase the number of photographers by 12% compared to the average for all majors of 8.6%, this field is unlikely to be called a profitable career if you are not a prominent photographer of a glossy magazine. The unemployment rate of recent college graduates is 12.9%, with an average salary of $30,000; among the experienced specialists 6.7% and $50 thousand, respectively, are also income is unstable.
Very often, employers are more likely to hire a freelancer for a particular project than agree to employ a regular photographer. Currently, 66.7% of photographers are self-employed, compared to 6.5% on average. If your photo is your passion, it is better to work as an assistant to the photographer, create your own portfolio and not spend money on studying. If you still want to get a bachelor’s degree, we recommend taking business and IT courses in addition to photography.
In conclusion, we want to add that graduates of schools, future entrants, must be prepared to ensure that the specialty they receive will not be for the whole they life. Therefore, we advise you to pay attention to the majors, that in the near future will be the least robotized. Those include surgeons, psychologists, choreographers, human resource manager, system analysts, business directors, so-called c-executives.
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